Brexit news: The full list of all 15 amendments to the Brexit Bill passed by the Lords
The latest amendment would see environmental protections currently provided by the European Union continue after the split laws and a powerful new British watchdog set up to enforce them.
Today’s defeat is the final blow inflicted on the Government at the hands of peers, who have been scrutinising the EU Withdrawal Bill since January.
Their changes to the Brexit Bill include compelling ministers to negotiate a future customs union arrangement and allowing Parliament a ‘meaningful role’ after the exit talks are complete.
All 15 of the amendments must first be approved by MPs in the Commons before they become law.
But Theresa May has a working majority of just 13, and every Brexit vote raises the possibility of around a dozen Tory rebels voting against the Government.
Here are the 15 amendments which have been agreed by the Lords, in the order they were signed off:
1. Customs union negotiations
The wording of this amendment would make the passing of the Brexit Bill conditional on the Government first attempting to negotiate a customs union arrangement with the EU.
It would ultimately be up to the bloc whether to accept the UK’s terms, but this clause would compel ministers to at least explore the possibility of a customs union deal, and then report back to parliament with what steps they had taken.
Passed by 347 to 225 (122 majority).
2. ‘Retained EU law’
Proposed by Labour peers, this would stop the Government from changing any EU laws which relate to employment, consumer standards and environmental standards.
Ministers could only change this so-called ‘retained EU law’ by passing a new Bill altering it, which would require the consent of Parliament.
Its supporters say it is needed to protect rights currently enjoyed by UK citizens.
Passed by 314 votes to 217 (97 majority).
3. Charter of Fundamental Rights
This would keep most of the EU’s Charter of Fundamental Rights on the UK’s statute books after Brexit.
The charter enshrines 50 human rights into law including the right to life, the prohibition of torture and the right to an education.
Passed by 316 votes to 245 (71 majority).
4. Powers of legal challenge
Removes a provision in the Brexit Bill giving ministers the power to make regulations that allow challenges to the validity of retained EU law.
Would add an extra safeguard to the previous two amendments.
Passed by 285 votes to 235 (50 majority).
5. ‘Legal compliance’
Retains the right of action in UK law after Brexit if there is a failure to comply with general principles of EU law as currently recognised by European Court of Justice.
Passed by 280 votes to 222 (56 majority).
6. Limit to ‘Henry VIII powers’
This amendment limits the scope in which ministers can use the delegated powers granted by the Brexit Bill.
The so-called Henry VIII powers would allow ministers to use reduced-scrutiny secondary legislation to alter primary legislation (statues).
The Government says the delegated powers are needed to ensure a smooth and orderly Brexit, but critics say they grant far too much authority to individual ministers.
Passed by 349 votes to 221 (128 majority).
The House of Lords voted to give Parliament a ‘meaningful say’ after the Brexit talks are completed
7. Parliament must have a ‘meaningful role’ on the Brexit deal
This forces the Government to give Parliament a ‘meaningful role’ after exit negotiations are complete.
It could lead to the Commons rejecting the draft Brexit deal, and critics warn the amendment could ultimately force the Government to re-open talks with the EU in the closing months and weeks of the divorce.
Passed by 335 votes to 244 (91 majority).
8. ‘Mandate for negotiations’
Tabled by a cross-party group of Conservative, Labour and Lib Dem peers, this amendment would force the Government to seek the approval of Parliament for ‘phase two’ negotiations with the EU.
Passed by 270 votes to 233 (37 majority).
9. Refugee family reunion rights
Would introduce a legal requirement on ministers to uphold EU regulation relating to provisions and associated rights and obligations that allow for those seeking asylum – including unaccompanied minors, adults and children – to join a family member, sibling or relative in the UK.
Passed by 205 votes to 181 (24 majority).
10. Northern Ireland
This would enshrine support for the Good Friday Agreement in the Bill.
Critics warn it could effectively give the Irish Government a veto on any post-Brexit border arrangement.
Passed by 309 votes to 242 (67 majority).
11. Future UK cooperation with EU
This amendment makes the Brexit Bill clear that future Governments will be allowed to replicate any EU law in domestic law and to continue to participate in EU agencies after Brexit.
Passed by 298 votes to 227 (71 majority).
Lord Krebs championed the environmental protection amdendment
12. Removal of the Brexit day provision
This would strike the exit day of March 29, 2019, from the Bill.
It would also prevent the Government from setting a new Brexit day until it has been signed off by both the Commons and the Lords.
13. ‘Norway option’
Under this amendment, the Government would be forced to negotiate continued membership of the European Economic Area (EEA), otherwise known as the Norway option.
EEA membership would grant the UK full access to the EU’s single market but it would be forced to accept its rules and regulations without any say in how they were drawn up.
Passed by 245 votes to 218 (27 majority).
14. ‘Sifting of Brexit-related regulations’
Would extend the proposed ‘sifting’ mechanism committee in Commons to the House of Lords and makes recommendations made by either chamber binding on ministers.
Passed by 225 votes to 194 (31 majority).
15. EU environmental law
Would seek to continue environmental protections currently imposed by the EU and create a more powerful watchdog than the Government has planned to enforce the rules.
Passed by 294 to 244 (50 majority).